In Woodland Indian rituals, ceremonies, and religious observances, tobacco is the unifying thread of communication between humans and the spiritual powers. http://bit.ly/1lUhubC
The Ishango Bone, the world’s oldest mathematical object found in Africa
Most histories of mathematics devote only a few pages to Ancient Egypt and to northern Africa during the ‘Middle Ages´. Generally they ignore the history of mathematics in Africa south of the Sahara and give the impression that this history either did not exist or, at least, is not knowable, traceable, or, stronger still, that there was no mathematics at all south of the Sahara. In history, to Europeans, even the Africanity of Egyptian mathematics is often denied or suffers eurocentric views of conceptions of both ‘history’ and of ‘mathematics’ form the basis of such views.
The Ishango Bone was discovered in 1960 by Jean Heinzelin Braucourt, a Belgian national who was exploring the eastern fringes of the Democratic republic of Congo, then Belgian Congo. The bone was found among the ruins of a human settlement that was located near Lake Edward, an ancient settlement that had been buried by a volcanic eruption. It is a dark brown length of bone, the fibula of a baboon, with a sharp piece of quartz affixed to one end, perhaps for engraving.
Evidently the Ishango bone was designed as a tool for making incisions, but its bone handle was itself incised. The arrangement of the notches engraved on the handle, and the numbers in each group, are clearly not casual. Analysis of their numerological properties has led several investigators to conclude that the artefact is not a simple tally stick, but a kind of calculator based on special number systems.
The artifact was first estimated to have originated between 9,000 BC and 6,500 BC. However, the dating of the site where it was discovered was re-evaluated, and it is now believed to be more than 20,000 years old.
The Ishango bone is on permanent display in l’Institut Royal Belge des Sciences Naturelles, Brussels, Belgium.
i do not chase people
i do not chase men, and i do not chase friends
hell, i don’t even chase family
i’m here, and i’m important
i’m not running after people to prove that i matter
Terra-cotta Head. Ancient Ife, Nigeria Photo © Herbert List - Magnum Photos
Photo with 6 notes
#tbt On the night of August 14, 1791, enslaved Haitians gathered to participate in a secret ritual at Bwa Kayiman. Presided over by Cecile Fatiman possessed by the spirit of the mother/warrior goddess Ezili Danto and Dutty Boukman, a prominent leader and Vodou priest, the ceremony served as both a religious ritual and strategic meeting as conspirators met and planned a revolt. In the following days, the whole Northern Plain was in flames, as the rebels violently burned, pillaged, and killed across the region. The ceremony is considered the official beginning of the Haitian Revolution. #history #caribbean #haiti #ayiti #vodou #boukman #revolution #emancipation
realest thing I’ve seen in a while
this was so amazing. so thought provoking. an eye-opening social criticism.
Best one I’ve seen so far
Cant lie, i didnt get all of them but this is super deep.
The hardest ones for me to interpret were the Angel plowing a field and the vultures… But from my interpretation. The Man is using religion for his own personal gains which is not what it is for.
And the vultures are Warmongers hiding the white bird that is a symbol of peace.
Maybe I’ll know you’re the one if ever you grasp onto the parts of me that scared everyone else away.
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